The founders of our nation knew that if the government was allowed to be the judge, the jury and the executioner, the people would become victims of tyranny. They also understood that the concentration of power was potentially dangerous power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely. When a government that writes the law also has the power to interpret the law and to enforce the law, the people become victims of tyranny.
The purpose of a just laws are to promote liberty and to protect property. The purpose of unjust laws is to allow governments to legalize the plunder of other people's property. According to the Supreme Court in Marbury vs Madison 1803 laws that are repugnant to the Constitution are null and void.
The Constitution was written to protect the rights rights of the people not give the government the power to control the people. They knew that if the government that was supposed to be our servant would one day become our master. They knew that power corrupts and that absolute power corrupts absolutely. They understood that those in power would to write laws that would benefit themselves personally as well as their partners in crime..
They designed our government to have limited power. They did not want the government that they had just created to endanger the life, liberty and property of the people. That is why in Article I Section 8 of the Constitution they sought to control the government by limiting the legislative authority of Congress to an area not to exceed ten miles square. The jurisdiction of our federal government does not exist outside to the territory known as the District of Columbia.
Before the ink on Constitution had dried, there were those in high places that sought to use the Constitution to create an empire in America,. These individuals, led by Alexander Hamilton, knew that if the Constitution were to be strictly followed they would be unable to achieve their objectives.
Hamilton and his disciples were determined to have the Constitution interpreted in a manner that would enable them to achieve their goals. The founders believed the newly formed government should only have the authoirty that was specifically granted to them in Article I Section 8. Hamilton believed that there were powers that were not delegated but were implied.
Most of the problems we have today are the result of the acceptance of the idea that the government can do whatever our leaders feel are necessary and proper. This doctrine of Implied Powers has allowed our government to assume powers and authority beyond those delegated to them in the Constitution.